Paint and Click Paint and Click:
Unified Interactions for Image Boundaries

Brian Summa
SCI Institute, University of Utah
Amy Ashurst Gooch
SCI Institute, University of Utah
Giorgio Scorzelli
SCI Institute, University of Utah
Valerio Pascucci
SCI Institute, University of Utah
Abstract

Image boundaries are a fundamental component of many interactive digital photography techniques, enabling applications such as segmentation, panoramas, and seamless image composition. Interactions for image boundaries often rely on two complementary but separate approaches: editing via painting or clicking constraints. In this work, we provide a novel, unified approach for interactive editing of pairwise image boundaries that combines the ease of painting with the direct control of constraints. Rather than a sequential coupling, this new formulation allows full use of both interactions simultaneously, giving users unprecedented flexibility for fast boundary editing. To enable this new approach, we provide technical advancements. In particular, we detail a reformulation of image boundaries as a problem of finding cycles, expanding and correcting limitations of the previous work. Our new formulation provides boundary solutions for painted regions with performance on par with state-of-the-art specialized, paint-only techniques. In addition, we provide instantaneous exploration of the boundary solution space with user constraints. Finally, we provide examples of common graphics applications impacted by our new approach.

Video

Paper

Paint and Click Paper Paint and Click Paper Paint and Click Paper Paint and Click Paper
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Supplemental Figures

Paint and Click Supplemental Figures Paint and Click Supplemental Figures Paint and Click Supplemental Figures Paint and Click Supplemental Figures
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Supplemental Videos


Extended Technical Report

Contains supplemental examples, more implementation information with acceleration strategies, and performance evaluation.

Paint and Click Technical Report Paint and Click Technical Report Paint and Click Technical Report Paint and Click Technical Report
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BibTeX

@article {10.1111:cgf.12568,
journal = {Computer Graphics Forum},
title = {{Paint and Click: Unified Interactions for Image Boundaries}},
author = {Summa, Brian and Gooch, Amy A. and Scorzelli, Giorgio and Pascucci, Valerio},
issue_date = {April 2015},
volume = {34},
number = {2},
month = apr,
year = {2015},
pages = {385--393},
publisher = {The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.},
DOI = {10.1111/cgf.12568}
}